Archive for March, 2012

by / on March 31, 2012 at 9:25 AM / in Historical Events, History Today

Historical Events Today: 1854 – Treaty of Kanagawa: Commodore Perry forces Japan to opens ports to US.

On March 31, 1854, the Convention of Kanagawa (“Japan-US Treaty of Amity and Friendship”) or Kanagawa Treaty was concluded between Commodore Matthew C. Perry of the U.S. Navy and the Tokugawa shogunate. The treaty opened the Japanese ports of Shimoda and Hakodate to United States trade and guaranteed the safety of shipwrecked U.S. sailors; however, the treaty did not create […]

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by / on March 30, 2012 at 4:55 PM / in Famous Birthdays, History Today, Uncategorized

Famous Birthdays Today: 1222 -Nichiren, Japan, Buddhist priest and saint.

Nichiren Shonin (日蓮) (February 16, 1222 – October 13, 1282) was a Buddhist monk who lived during the Kamakura period (1185–1333) in Japan. Nichiren taught devotion to the Lotus Sutra, entitled Myōhō-Renge-Kyō in Japanese, as the exclusive means to attain enlightenment and the chanting of Nam-Myōhō-Renge-Kyō as the essential practice of the teaching. Nichiren Buddhism includes various schools with diverging interpretations of […]

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by / on March 29, 2012 at 9:50 PM / in Famous Deaths, History Today

Emperor Go-Murakami, Emperor of Japan: Famous Deaths.

Emperor Go-Murakami (1328 – March 29, 1368) was the 97th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession, and a member of the Southern Court during the Nanboku-chō period of rival courts. He reigned from September 18, 1339 until March 29, 1368 (Shōhei 23, 11th day of the 3rd month). His personal name was Noriyoshi. He reigned from […]

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by / on March 29, 2012 at 3:00 PM / in Famous Deaths, History Today

Famous Deaths Today: 1683 – Yaoya Oshichi, a young girl burned at the stake for arson in 17th Century Japan.

Yaoya Oshichi, literally “greengrocer Oshichi”, was a daughter of the greengrocer Tarobei. She lived in the Hongō neighborhood of Edo at the beginning of the Edo period. She attempted to commit arson after falling in love with a boy. This story became the subject of joruri plays. The year of her birth is sometimes given as 1666. In December 1682, […]

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by / on March 28, 2012 at 11:05 PM / in Famous Deaths, History Today

Famous Deaths Today: 1239 -Emperor Go-Toba of Japan.

Emperor Go-Toba (August 6, 1180 – March 28, 1239) was the 82nd emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned the years from 1183 through 1198. This 12th century sovereign was named after Emperor Toba and go- (後), translates literally as “later”; and thus, he is sometimes called the “Later Emperor Toba”. The Japanese word […]

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by / on March 26, 2012 at 10:18 PM / in Durama Doll, Interesting Facts

Durama Doll Lining the Path to Adashino Nenbutsuji in Kyoto!

The Daruma doll, also known as a Dharma doll, is a hollow, round, Japanese traditional doll modeled after Bodhidharma, the founder of the Zen sect of Buddhism. These dolls, though typically red and depicting a bearded man (Dharma), vary greatly in color and design depending on region and artist. Though considered an omocha, meaning toy, Daruma has a design that […]

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by / on March 23, 2012 at 4:04 PM / in Famous Birthdays, History Today

Famous Birthdays today: 1910 – Akira Kurosawa, Tokyo Japan, director (Seven Samurai, Living).

Akira Kurosawa (March 23, 1910 – September 6, 1998) was a Japanese film director, screenwriter, producer, and editor. Regarded as one of the most important and influential filmmakers in the history of cinema, Kurosawa directed 30 films in a career spanning 57 years. Kurosawa entered the Japanese film industry in 1936, following a brief stint as a painter. After years […]

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