Famous Birthdays Today: 1852 – Mutsuhito, 122nd emperor of Japan. Emperor Meiji (明治天皇, 3 November 1852 – 30 July 1912), or Meiji the Great (明治大帝), was the 122nd emperor of Japan according to the traditional order of succession, reigning from 3 February 1867 until his death. He presided over a time of rapid change in Japan, as the nation rose […]Read more ›
Famous Birthdays Today: 1197-Emperor Juntoku of Japan. Emperor Juntoku (順徳天皇) (October 22, 1197 – October 7, 1242) was the 84th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned the years from 1210 through 1221. In actuality, Emperor Go-Toba wielded effective power as a cloistered emperor during the years of Juntoku’s reign. In 1221, he was […]Read more ›
Emperor Higashiyama (東山天皇, October 21, 1675 – January 16, 1710) was the 113th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. Higashiyama’s reign spanned the years from 1687 through 1709. Some of the Events of Higashiyama’s life: September 16, 1689 (Genroku 2): German physician Engelbert Kaempfer arrives at Dejima for the first time. Bakufu policy in this era […]Read more ›
Emperor Go-Shirakawa (後白河天皇) (October 18, 1127 – April 26, 1192) was the 77th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned the years from 1155 through 1158. This 12th-century sovereign was named after the 11th century Emperor Shirakawa, and go- (後), translates literally as “later”; and thus, he is sometimes called the “Later Emperor Shirakawa”. […]Read more ›
Count Kuroda Kiyotaka (黑田 清隆, 16 October 1840 – 23 August 1900), also known as Kuroda Ryōsuke (黑田 了介), was a Japanese politician of the Meiji era. He was the second Prime Minister of Japan from 30 April 1888 to 25 October 1889. Kuroda was born to a samurai-class family serving the Shimazu daimyo of Kagoshima, Satsuma domain in Kyūshū. […]Read more ›
Famous Birthdays Today: 1867 – Masaoka Shiki, Japan, haiku & tanka poet/diarist (Salt Water Ballads).
Masaoka Shiki (正岡 子規, October 14, 1867 – September 19, 1902), pen-name of Masaoka Noboru (正岡 升), was a Japanese poet, author, and literary critic in Meiji period Japan. Shiki is regarded as a major figure in the development of modern haiku poetry. He also wrote on reform of tanka poetry. Some consider Shiki to be one of the four […]Read more ›
Townsend Harris (October 3, 1804 – February 25, 1878) was a successful New York City merchant and minor politician, and the first United States Consul General to Japan. He negotiated the “Harris Treaty” between the US and Japan and is credited as the diplomat who first opened the Empire of Japan to foreign trade and culture in the Edo period. […]Read more ›