Famous Birthdays

by / on August 6, 2012 at 4:16 PM / in Famous Birthdays, History Today

Famous Birthdays Today: 1180 – Emperor Go-Toba of Japan.

Emperor Go-Toba (後鳥羽天皇) (August 6, 1180 – March 28, 1239) was the 82nd emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned the years from 1183 through 1198. This 12th-century sovereign was named after Emperor Toba, and go- (後), translates literally as “later”; and thus, he is sometimes called the “Later Emperor Toba”. The Japanese word […]

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by / on August 1, 2012 at 5:00 PM / in Famous Birthdays, History Today

Famous Birthdays Today: 1377-Emperor Go-Komatsu of Japan.

Emperor Go-Komatsu (後小松天皇 Go-Komatsu-tennō) (August 1, 1377 – December 1, 1433) was the 100th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. He is officially considered a pretender from May 24, 1382 to October 21, 1392, when Emperor Go-Kameyama abdicated. He is understood to have been a legitimate emperor (the 100th sovereign) from that date until October 5, […]

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by / on August 1, 2012 at 4:46 PM / in Famous Birthdays, History Today

Famous Birthdays Today: 1313-Emperor Kogon of Japan.

Emperor Kōgon (光厳天皇 Kōgon-tennō) (August 1, 1313 – August 5, 1364) was the 1st of Ashikaga Pretenders during the Period of the Northern and Southern Courts in Japan. According to pre-Meiji scholars, his reign spanned the years from 1332 through 1334. Events of Kōgon’s life: In his own lifetime, Kōgon and those around him believed that he occupied the Chrysanthemum […]

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by / on July 24, 2012 at 5:05 PM / in Famous Birthdays, History Today

Famous Birthdays Today: 1886 – Junichiro Tanizaki, Japan, writer (Snow Dusting).

Jun’ichirō Tanizaki (谷崎 潤一郎 Tanizaki Jun’ichirō, 24 July 1886 – 30 July 1965) was a Japanese author, one of the major writers of modern Japanese literature, and perhaps the most popular Japanese novelist after Natsume Sōseki. Some of his works present a rather shocking world of sexuality and destructive erotic obsessions; others, less sensational, subtly portray the dynamics of family […]

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by / on July 12, 2012 at 11:05 AM / in Famous Birthdays, History Today

Famous Birthdays Today: 1888-Tojohiko Kagawa, Japan, Christian-social reformer (Grain of Wheat).

Toyohiko Kagawa (賀川 豊彦) was a Japanese Christian pacifist, Christian reformer, and labour activist. Kagawa wrote, spoke, and worked at length on ways to employ Christian principles in the ordering of society and cooperatives. His vocation to help the poor led him to live among them. He established schools, hospitals, and churches. Kagawa was born in Kobe, Japan to a […]

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by / on July 9, 2012 at 6:11 PM / in Famous Birthdays, History Today

Famous Birthdays Today: 1654-Emperor Reigen of Japan.

Emperor Reigen was the 112th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. Reigen’s reign spanned the years from 1663 through 1687. Events in Reigen’s life: 1665 (Kanbun 5, 6th month): Courts of inquisition were established in all the villages of Japan. These courts were charged with discovering and eliminating any vestiges of Christianity in each community. 13 […]

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by / on July 7, 2012 at 5:35 PM / in Famous Birthdays, History Today

Famous Birthdays Today: 1119: Emperor Sutoku of Japan.

Emperor Sutoku was born in 1119, and came to the throne as the 75th emperor of Japan in 1123. After a long reign, his attempt to usurp his brother’s throne resulted in the bloody Hōgen War, which allowed the powerful warrior Taira clan to gain control of the government. Go-Shirakawa and Sutoku were rival sons of Toba. Fujiwara no Tadamichi, […]

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